Scope of Civil Engineering

Scope of Civil Engineering

The scope of Civil Engineering lies in developing, designing, planning, calculating, monitoring construction as well as executing and managing the construction of buildings, roads and physical structures like bridges, dams, etc. and their maintenance.

Scope of Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is a widely structured discipline to study the concept of design, construct and maintain infrastructure systems and projects. The field is broken down into various branches, increasing the scope of civil engineering. A degree in civil engineering prepares an individual to work with the construction industry as well as in managing the business and finance section. Below is a list of major subdivisions in the study of civil engineering:

Building, Planning, and Construction
In this area of study, students are taught the methods by which constructional projects are built according to the plans and specifications. Out of all the structures, construction of a building such as residential, schools, colleges, hospitals, government offices, industrial towers, etc. is of prime importance because of the increasing population and growth of any country.

Advanced Construction 
This involves advance planning and techniques for the design and construction of bigger projects like bridges, tunnels, dams, ports, power stations etc, to ensure their stability and durability. A detailed study of this subject widens the scope of civil engineering in construction.

Structural Engineering
Structural analysis and designing of slabs, columns, beams etc for constructional projects which requires calculation and the use of advanced computing software fall under the category of structural engineering.

Town Planning
Town Planning is an essential concept of dividing a town into different land use zones such as residential, commercial, recreational and industrial zones to ensure a better environment for the people of the town.

Geotechnical Engineering
It is the field of civil engineering which deals with collection and testing of soil samples. Geotechnical engineers design and construct well foundations, pile foundations, cofferdams, tunnels, caissons, and earth-related constructions.

Water Resources Engineering
Water Resource Engineering includes designing hydraulic structures like canals, barrages, dams, hydropower stations, pipe networks etc to measure, utilise and develop water resources for municipal, agriculture and power generation purpose. It also includes water harvesting techniques, watershed planning, soil conversation etc.

Environmental Engineering
Due to increased human activities, it is very important to safeguard the natural world. This field deals with public health engineering and pollution control through the construction of a sewerage system, water distribution plant and also solid waste management.

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